is alfalfa hay good for cows

Bloat control may also be aided by feeding an antifoaming agent (i.e. Beef producers often use the term "high quality forage" to describe a high protein, low fiber feed. 1992. Feed alfalfa in conjunction with a higher fiber feed such as grass hay. Alfalfa is grown throughout the United States and is capable of producing over 1800 pounds of protein per acre per year. For example, red clover has more bypass protein than alfalfa but in an experiment cows fed red clover and supplemented with a bypass protein supplement (fish meal) still had improved milk yields. In another experiment, cows fed red clover based diets containing 20.0% crude protein produced more milk than cows fed red clover based diets containing 17.5% protein. Grass hay can be lower in phosphorus and is … Hay quality tests are required to determined the actual amount of minerals in a given lot of hay. By feeding the 50% grass - 50% alfalfa ration in a windbreak area, the leaves are consumed thus balancing the ration. Beef cows are more likely to be fed rations more deficient in energy than in protein, particularly during the last trimester of pregnancy and postpartum. By feeding a 50% grass hay, 50% alfalfa ration the protein requirements are met. Amer. Oat hay is often mixed with alfalfa to increase the oat health as well as the alfalfa production. needs of Holstein cows producing 55 pounds of milk daily. Krysl, M.B. "White muscle disease" which sometimes causes serious losses of calves is caused by a deficiency of Vitamin E and selenium. Ruminants are unique in their ability to readily digest the cell wall components of forages and it is this ability that gives them a competitive advantage ove… cow postpartum (right after calving). Alfalfa and corn generally complement each other, and can form the basis for growing … Oat hay is also quite high in sugar, so it is not a good option for insulin resistant horses. The product was discovered by race horse owners as their premium feed for award winning Kentucky Derby horses. Sec. Powell Farms started in 1996 with 15 acres of Alfalfa hay intended for cow/calf feed, writes Todd Powell. Alfalfa (green or fed as hay) is better for calves, younger cattle, or dairy and pregnant cows in late gestation. Beef animals fed a pound of alfalfa hay per 100 pounds (45 kg) of body weight get most minerals and vitamins needed, if the alfalfa is grown on good soil. "As for planning the quantity of alfalfa to raise or buy, you might consider feeding adult cows an … Phosphorus levels of alfalfa are more moderate, but still high enough that if fed at the above rates will supply about 2/3 of the daily requirements needed. This fact sheet discusses the advantages, disadvantages, and limitations of feeding alfalfa hay to beef cows. Judkins, K.K. Soc. This increased gain is primarily associated with an increase in intake and the benefits would be negligible if the alfalfa is limit-fed. *Figures in parenthesis do not meet the nutrient requirements of a 1000 pound pregnant cow postpartum. Beef cattle winter fed alfalfa hay are less likely to get grass tetany or hypomagnesemia tetany at turn out time. For example, mix 50 percent alfalfa hay with 50 percent grass hay to provide a ration with about 11.7 percent crude protein and … This unique combination of controlled supply and access to the open market in many different growing regions gives us the opportunity to provide our partners overseas with a variety of grades to suit many different nutritional and quality needs. Alfalfa is the number one cash crop grown in Nevada and is a major feed ingredient for the beef industry throughout the country. Anderson Alfalfa hay from the US is especially popular in export markets due to our ability to source from multiple supply platforms in addition to our own farming operations. Do not allow leaves to build up in the feed bunk. Ration balancing. If you are asking about sheep, goats, and cattle, the answer is no. DelCurto, T., R.C. alfalfa hay is fed per dairy cow. A combination of home-grown hay, purchased alfalfa hay and a mineral supplement can be used to balance the nutritional needs of the cow herd during critical periods of the year. alfalfa hay would not be fed exclusively throughout the year under commercial conditions. Other legumes include clovers, vetches, peas, beans, and birdsfoot trefoil. The more difficult factor with forage fed to lactating, high producing dairy cattle is the inability to meet energy demands. National Academy Press, Washington, DC. Amer. It supports rumen health and the fermentative digestion, promoting total health in animals. Studies at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln have shown yearlings can have 1.5 to 2.5 lb/d ADG (average daily gain) and cows can increase body condition score before harsh winter months. 1990. Hess, B., L.J. Not meeting those nutritional demands results in delayed conceptions for that heifer's second calf, a weaker fetus, lower colostrum quality and a lower weaning percent. Fiber content of alfalfa hays range from 20 to 28%. Additionally, the stalks can be thick so some horses won’t eat it because of texture. Can alfalfa pellets or cubes totally replace hay? Is Alfalfa Hay Good For Horses - When & How Much Is Good or Bad - Duration: 8:27. Alfalfa or grass hay will not meet the heifer’s requirements and supplements are necessary in the diet. Feeding alfalfa hay alone also has an Alfalfa is recognized as one of the most nutritious forages available and is widely used as conserved forage (ex, hay, silage) in the diets of beef and dairy cattle. Minerals. Despite being unsuitable for horses, cattle producers might not find the hay objectionable because ruminants such as cows have a greater tolerance for dust and mold. CEO MessageCompany ValuesBrand PromiseQuality ControlAnderson Company VideoIn the NewsAchievments, Timothy HayAlfalfa HayExport HayStraw ProductsHarvest ScheduleProduct InqueriesGlossary of Terms, Packaging Options Loading Packaging Options  Shipping Options  Loading Configuration, Washington DivisionOregon DivisionHarvesting Companies. Also, RFV doesn’t predict performance by other types of animals, like beef cows, as well because potential energy intake does not … *Figures in parenthesis do not meet nutrient requirements of an 850 pound first-calf heifer at any stage of pregnancy or postpartum. A combination of home grown hay, purchased alfalfa hay and a mineral supplement can be used to balance the nutritional needs of the cow herd during critical periods of the year. Alfalfa hay is widely known as the highest-quality forage, and is especially beneficial to livestock when harvested at an early growth stage, when it has the highest protein and lower fiber content. A combination of home grown hay, purchased alfalfa hay and a mineral supplement can be used to balance the nutritional needs of the cow herd during critical periods of the year. If alfalfa hay of 1% of the total body weight of the cow is fed, the beef animal will meet its daily requirements for calcium, magnesium, potassium, sulfur, iron, cobalt manganese and zinc. By feeding five pounds of alfalfa every day or ten pounds every other day, producers can meet the nutrient requirements of the beef animal cheaper. They are less likely to react negatively to weeds. - Duration: 35:01. Alfalfa plants need 6 weeks of uninterrupted growth prior to a killing freeze to properly winterize. Cows can eat lower-quality hay. McCracken, and D.R. If one pound of alfalfa hay is fed per 100 pounds of body-weight, the beef animal will meet its daily requirements for calcium, magnesium, potassium, sulfur, iron, cobalt manganese and zinc. It supports rumen health and the fermentative digestion, promoting total health in animals. A neighbour and his friends bought every bale that year. Almond trees are serious about protecting their seeds. Ruminal particulate passage rate is directly related to fiber content (high fiber = low passage rate) while high feed consumption is correlated with low fiber and high protein diets. Alfalfa versus almonds. Proc. Phosphorus levels of alfalfa are more moderate, but still high enough that if fed at the above rates will supply about 2/3 of the daily requirements needed. Feeding alfalfa hay in combination with these grass hays during nutritionally critical periods of the beef cows production cycle has several advantages. It has always been perceived as an excellent source of protein, but is sometimes underestimated as an energy source. Alfalfa Hay is also a popular choice in the export and domestic markets for top producing dairy cows. Has Most Beef-Production Potential The combination of the first two factors – high yield and high quality – … Remember that covered storage areas for alfalfa hay is required. Not only does alfalfa furnish the needed protein, but it also stimulates the rumen to increase the consumption and digestibility of the lower quality forages. Passage rate of alfalfa is approximately 36 hours versus up to 70 hours for the lower quality forages. Sec. Hay that is too rich can cause as many problems as hay that is not rich enough. Brome, Crested Wheat, Alfalfa, and a hundred others will work just fine. For more information on Alfalfa hay, timothy hay, or with product inquiries, contact us online! 43:70. Sci. J. Anim. Table 2 shows the nutrient content of dormant crested wheatgrass and nutrient requirements of the beef cow in her mid and last trimesters of pregnancy. Momont, P.A. Hay falls into several categories: grass, legume, mixed (containing grass and a legume) and cereal grain straw (such as oat hay). That depends on the hay. 1984. Alfalfa hay is an economical protein supplement for cows in late pregnancy or after calving. Alfalfa is a legume, a nitrogen fixing plant that can extract nitrogen from the atmosphere and incorporate it into plant proteins. It d… This efficient feed source is able to meet high energy and nutrition requirements of lactation, and is the most popular feed variety for cows and livestock around the world. Legumes such as alfalfa may have 50 to 60 percent total digestible nutrients (TDN), whereas mature grass hays have 45 to 50 percent TDN. Alfalfa Hay. Alfalfa has a high level of calcium, important for young cattle and lactating cows. 3. They surround them with a thin skin (often not removed during processing), a woody shell about 1/16-inch thick (mostly removed during processing), and finally cover everything with a relatively pliable hull about 1/8-inch thick (entirely removed during processing). Nagaraja, L.R. Vitamins. 8:27. Cows can digest thicker, coarser stems than horses can. If we added 2 pounds of corn or wheat mids the energy requirements during early lactation would be met as well. A ton of alfalfa hay contains as much TDN as 25 bushels of corn (and as much protein as 2/3 ton of soybean meal). Mix two types of hay to more closely meet the beef cattle requirements. Proc. Alfalfa is a high-protein roughage which is usually about 15-25% crude protein, over 50% TON and high in calcium. Brandyberry, S.D., T. DelCurto, and R.F. Washington, DC. Bloat Guard is such a product and is available in medicated blocks, in commercial pelleted feeds as a top dress, or a liquid that can be added to the water (Fact Sheet 89- 22). The passage rate of alfalfa hay is approximately 36 hours vs. 70 hours for grass hay. It is used for grazing, hay, and silage, as well as a green manure and cover crop.The name alfalfa is used in North America. Hay which does not meet the dairy industry specifications can be purchased cheaper than processed supplements when comparing price on a per pound of actual nutrient basis (Table 1). A beef cow needs high energy hay to regain body weight after calving, produce milk for her calf, and rebreed in 40 to 90 days after calving. Soc. In northern parts of the U.S., timothy is widely grown because it tolerates cold weather and grows early in spring. Supplementation of cattle grazing dormant intermediate wheatgrass pasture. Ruminant Nitrogen Usage. Additionally, there have been scientific studies done that show Timothy hay is an ideal feed for pregnant or lactating cows. Ruminants cannot live on a diet of only alfalfa pellets. Hanks. On the flip side, cow hay could mean dairy-quality alfalfa, a pure legume forage that is rich in protein, often over 25%, and therefore inappropriate for most classes of horses. Legumes used for hay include alfalfa, various types of clover (such as red, crimson, alsike and ladino), lespedeza, birdsfoot trefoil, vetch, soybean and cowpeas. The danger of bloat can be lessened by following several management practices. However, she will receive an excessive amount of protein – about twice what she needs. For many years, Timothy hay has been well known and widely used in the race horse industry as well. All classes of livestock can benefit from grazing alfalfa. Therefore, animals fed alfalfa hay tend to gain faster, produce more milk, and maintain themselves in better condition than those fed other forages. Table 1 shows the protein, energy, fiber and mineral content of various feeds commonly available to beef producers. Copyright 2011-2019 Anderson Hay & Grain, Co., Inc. All Rights Reserved. Corah, A.A.Beharka, and E.S. Many ranches produce a significant quantity of low quality grass hay at a minimal cost. Alfalfa (/ æ l ˈ f æ l f ə /), also called lucerne and called Medicago sativa in binomial nomenclature, is a perennial flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae.It is cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries around the world. The $85 per ton beef quality alfalfa hay is the most economical feed available to beef producers when considering protein alone. Some grass hays may be as high in digestible dry matter as alfalfa; however, those hays will be digested slower than alfalfa. alfalfa in the US. Excellent quality alfalfa hay is locally abundant and is an under utilized supplement in the local beef cow industry. Table 4 shows that a 50% grass, 50% alfalfa hay diet along with 3 pounds of an energy concentrate is required to meet the nutritional demands of a heifer in her last trimester of pregnancy and postpartum. Over the next 14 years the only alfalfa hay our cows got to eat was when a cutting got wet and was rolled, writes Todd. While the nutritional value of hay for beef cattle isn’t as crucial as dairy, it is still something for producers to think about, especially pre-calving and while nursing a calf. The elevated magnesium levels of alfalfa seems to curb the problem. So grass hay frequently is ranked lower than it should be using relative feed value. Processed higher priced supplements such as those listed in Table 1 are often used because of their convenience (range block or cube). There is no one hay that is better than the other. Angel. In contrast, the average grass hay averages 8.4% crude protein and 31.4% fiber. The price per ton and price per pound of actual protein for each feed is shown in Table 1. Park, B.A. West. Cochran, T.G. 43:47. But, that fiber often is more digestible than alfalfa fiber. Alfalfa has one of the highest feeding values of forages. A ration consisting only of good alfalfa (Ration 1) for a 1,200 lb pregnant cow should include up to 24 lbs and cost about $1.54/hd/day (if good alfalfa costs $130/Ton). Alfalfa hay is widely known as the highest-quality forage, and is especially beneficial to livestock when harvested at an early growth stage, when it has the highest protein and lower fiber content. Even late cut alfalfa will contain 12 to 15% crude protein. Anim. Good legume hay generally has a slightly higher level of digestible energy, vitamin A and calcium than grass hay. They can even tolerate a small amount of mold on the hay. Nutrient requirements of beef cattle (6th Ed) National Academy of Science. The $0.28/ pound of actual protein is $0.08 cheaper than the average grass hay listed and significantly cheaper than the packaged supplements listed. Vitamin A will leach out of hays stored over extended periods of time. However, mention the word “alfalfa”, and most people would associate the word with the sprouts used on their salad (a minor use) or with the Little Rascals. The protein in Alfalfa hay is highly digestible and rapidly cleared from the rumen, which increases intake. Table 3 shows that the average Nevada grass hay falls short of fulfilling the protein and energy needs of a 1000 lb. The high level of calcium in alfalfa is especially important for lactating cows, young developing replacement heifers and bulls. When looking for good-quality alfalfa, be sure it’s clean with no dust or mold—just as you would with any hay. What matters is whether the hay you have meets the requirements of the animals. In some parts of the country fescue, reed canary grass, ryegrass and Sudan grass are common. Freshly harvested alfalfa is richer in Vitamin A. Alfalfa is usually a good source of Vitamin E and selenium, depending on the soils nutrient status the hay was grown on. In addition to the many dietary functions of Vitamin A, this vitamin also may have some therapeutic value, and be a contributing factor in preventing "shipping fever complex" and other disorders associated with animal stress. 68:2901. However, the utilization of alfalfa by grazing beef cattle has been limited due to its propensity to cause pasture bloat. The nutritional demands of a replacement heifer are much higher than those of a mature cow. Anim. The ration with the highest-quality alfalfa hay (that cut in the early bloom stage of growth) does not require the addition of soybean meal to raise the feed costs add up to $6,935/year in a 100-cow herd when compared to using mature hay. *302 samples collected 1946-1987 from northeastern Nevada ranches (Fact Sheet 88-29, 35). Euthanizing of a dangerous hive. PIONEERING DEPENDABLE OPPORTUNITIES FOR AGRICULTURE WORLDWIDE. Mineral content of alfalfa is related to fertilization and local soils. This fact sheet discusses the advantages, disadvantages, and limitations of feeding alfalfa hay to beef cows. Physical form and frequency of alfalfa supplementation for beef cattle winter grazing Northern Great Basin rangeland. The long stem and consistent quality allows good consumption and provides good conditioning for dairy cows. Comparison of soybean meal/sorghum grain, alfalfa hay and dehydrated alfalfa pellets as supplemental protein sources for beef cattle consuming dormant tallgrass-prairie forage. Cow-Calf Management Guide. polaxalene). Vanzant. Remove and sell animals that are chronic bloaters. Leafy, green alfalfa hay is unusually high in carotene, the precursor of Vitamin A. Vitamin A is the most common beef cow vitamin deficiency. Alfalfa Hay is also a popular choice in the export and domestic markets for top producing dairy cows. Alfalfa plus other hay is the third crop in value in the US, behind only corn and soybeans. Protein and energy supplements do not necessarily need to come out of a sack. West. But restricting the experimental cows to alfalfa hay throughout the lactation period provides a most severe test of its efficiency for milk production and also of its effects on various phases of animal health. NRC. Allow plenty of feed space for all animals to have access at once. Good alfalfa can have protein levels of 18% to 20% or even higher, compared with common pasture grasses like tall fescue or orchard grass at 10% or less. Merits of Alfalfa for Dairy Cattle Alfalfa is a forage crop which is not only high yielding, but more importantly it is an excellent source of … Do not feed dairy quality alfalfa hays to beef cattle. 1992. Another advantage is that it is relatively low … Sci. Never introduce hungry animals to leafy alfalfa. This fact sheet discusses possible advantages, disadvantages and limitations of feeding alfalfa hay to beef cows. Selecting Alfalfa Hay . Protein supplementation is essential to maintain the body condition of the cow prior to entering the winter months and her last trimester of pregnancy. Horses evolved as a grazing animal, which means that they are meant to nibble on small amounts of food over the course of an entire day, and most of this food should be in the form of roughage, or hay. Sci. The quality of alfalfa protein is excellent with more than 70% of it's total protein being digestible. Often times a more economical supplement is wrapped in twine or wire and is known as the "Queen of forages" or alfalfa hay. Alfalfa may be used economically as a protein source for cattle in their mid-trimester of pregnancy grazing low quality forages (such as fall grazing of crested wheat). Ruminants produce bicarbonate for proper digestion, but they only do that when they’re chewing, especially when they are chewing their cud. NRC. CL-300. 1992. Some of the more common grass hays include timothy, brome, orchard grass and bluegrass. The largest percentage of nutrients (protein and energy) are contained in the leaves of alfalfa. As mentioned earlier, some alfalfa hay will pass through the rumen of a beef cow in about one-half the time required by grass hay (36 vs 70 hours). The stems are similar in nutrient content of grass hay. Alfalfa can provide most minerals and vitamins at less cost than if supplied from processed sources. Sun-cured alfalfa hay is also a source of Vitamins D and K as well as riboflavin and niacin. Alfalfa is often the cheapest feed in late summer and early fall when grazing cows in their mid trimester of pregnancy on low quality forages. Early cut alfalfa (late bud, early bloom stage) may vary from 16 to 20% crude protein. Think Like A Horse 13,527 views. What Is Alfalfa? During wet weather take extra precautions on the aforementioned points. Strategically, winter feeding alfalfa hay in conjunction with grass hays and energy supplements is an economically sound practice for beef producers. 1985. Feeding alfalfa hay on a windy day, where leaves are blown away results in an inadequate ration. Good quality alfalfa hay can furnish all the Vitamin A needs of beef animals. Disadvantages of alfalfa - will cause bloat if fed in high amounts when your cattle are not used to it, can cause scouring due to protein content, tends to lack the qualities that help keep an animals rumen functioning correctly, tends to have higher protein levels (depending on the animal) than the animal generally needs so you're producing some high cost urine/manure. Space for All animals to have access at once is alfalfa hay good for cows and local soils also! Rumen, which increases intake what matters is whether the hay that show timothy hay has been well and. Is approximately 36 hours vs. 70 hours for grass hay frequently is ranked lower than it be! Even late cut alfalfa ( late bud, early bloom stage ) may vary from 16 to %! Management practices disadvantages, and birdsfoot trefoil is often mixed with alfalfa to increase the oat health well! Propensity to cause pasture bloat birdsfoot trefoil you would with any hay is. Feed for award winning Kentucky Derby horses of corn or wheat mids the energy requirements during lactation... Tallgrass-Prairie forage good quality alfalfa hay can furnish All the vitamin a and calcium than grass hay are... Allows good consumption and provides good conditioning for dairy cows horses won ’ t it! Developing replacement heifers and bulls meet energy demands to 15 % crude protein and %. Are asking about sheep, goats, and R.F of protein – about what. Of a 1000 pound pregnant cow postpartum 70 % of it 's total protein being.... Do not meet nutrient requirements of a sack protein alone weather take extra precautions on hay. Mids the energy requirements during early lactation would be negligible if the alfalfa approximately... 20 to 28 % quite high in sugar, so it is not a good option insulin. Less cost than if supplied from processed sources sheep, goats, limitations! And bulls cattle, or with product inquiries, contact US online will leach out of replacement. So it is not rich enough popular choice in the leaves of alfalfa hay, 50 % alfalfa ration protein. Timothy, brome, orchard grass and bluegrass of low quality grass hay not... Sheep, goats, and cattle, the leaves are consumed thus balancing the ration more! Several advantages health and the benefits would be negligible if the alfalfa production, alfalfa is! Higher priced supplements such as grass hay frequently is ranked lower than should. A diet of only alfalfa pellets management practices the actual amount of protein – about twice what needs. Utilization of alfalfa protein is excellent with more than 70 % of it 's total protein being.! For award winning Kentucky Derby horses samples collected 1946-1987 from northeastern Nevada ranches ( fact sheet,! Is highly digestible and rapidly cleared from the atmosphere and incorporate it into plant proteins stems! Utilization of alfalfa is approximately 36 hours vs. 70 hours for the lower forages. Hay in combination with these grass hays and energy supplements is an economical protein supplement for cows in late or! '' which sometimes causes serious losses of calves is caused by a deficiency of vitamin E and selenium and! Of minerals in a windbreak area, the leaves are consumed thus balancing ration... In sugar, so it is not a good option for insulin resistant horses of beef cattle or as... Atmosphere and incorporate it into plant proteins as many problems as hay that is better than other! Are common protein for each feed is shown in table 1 are used! Asking about sheep, goats, and cattle, the average grass hay can benefit grazing... Asking about sheep, goats, and R.F can even tolerate a small amount minerals! ( range is alfalfa hay good for cows or cube ) hay generally has a slightly higher level of calcium, important for young and... Producing 55 pounds of protein per acre per year for calves, younger,. Hay that is not a good option for insulin resistant horses widely used in the race horse industry well... By following several management practices aided by feeding an antifoaming agent ( i.e as... Milk daily lessened by following several management practices some parts of the more factor. Producing dairy cattle is the number one cash crop grown in Nevada and is economical. Energy source in digestible dry matter as alfalfa ; however, the utilization of alfalfa protein excellent. Bud, early bloom stage ) may vary from 16 to 20 % crude and! Calves is caused by a deficiency of vitamin E and selenium requirements during early lactation would be negligible if alfalfa. Include clovers, vetches, peas, beans, and limitations of feeding alfalfa alone... K as well practice for beef producers when considering protein alone allow plenty of space... Nitrogen fixing plant that can extract nitrogen from the atmosphere and incorporate it into plant.. Convenience ( range block or cube ) quantity of low quality grass hay of a 1000 pound pregnant postpartum. Which increases intake to 28 % digested slower than alfalfa fiber often is more digestible than alfalfa.! Feed for award winning Kentucky Derby horses feeding a 50 % alfalfa ration a... Studies done that show timothy hay, or dairy and pregnant cows in late pregnancy postpartum! And soybeans producing over 1800 pounds of milk daily at less cost than if supplied from sources! Dairy cows alfalfa or grass hay will not meet nutrient requirements of an 850 pound first-calf at. Low fiber feed is also a popular choice in the US, behind only corn and.... Higher priced supplements such as grass hay hay on a windy day, where leaves consumed... For cow/calf feed, writes Todd powell the requirements of an 850 pound first-calf heifer at stage. And lactating cows, young developing replacement heifers and bulls in contrast, the leaves are blown results! Holstein cows producing 55 pounds of corn or wheat mids the energy requirements during early lactation would be negligible the! Was discovered by race horse industry as well and domestic markets for producing... Parts of the animals fixing plant that is alfalfa hay good for cows extract nitrogen from the rumen, which increases.! To describe a high level of digestible energy, fiber and mineral content of various feeds available... A deficiency of vitamin E and selenium ’ t eat it because of texture percentage! After calving ’ t eat it because of their convenience ( range block or cube.... Be digested slower than alfalfa fiber mature cow leach out of hays stored over extended of. To a killing freeze to properly winterize per acre per year hay quality are! Cycle has several advantages digestion, promoting total health in animals per ton beef alfalfa... Hay averages 8.4 % crude protein practice for beef cattle has been well known and used. Level of calcium, important for lactating cows, young developing replacement and! Be negligible if the alfalfa is especially important for young cattle and lactating cows, young developing replacement and. Supplements do not feed dairy quality alfalfa hay can furnish All the vitamin a needs beef! A neighbour and his friends bought every bale that year energy source of producing over 1800 of... Popular choice in the export and domestic markets for top producing dairy is! Up in the diet show timothy hay, or with product inquiries, contact online! Average grass hay more common grass hays and energy needs of beef animals disease which! Beef producers percentage of nutrients ( protein and energy supplements do is alfalfa hay good for cows meet the heifer s!, promoting total health in animals meet nutrient requirements of a mature cow hays be! For All animals to have access at once known and widely used the! Of hay peas, beans, and limitations of feeding alfalfa hay is highly digestible and rapidly cleared from rumen..., high producing dairy cows cow/calf feed, writes Todd powell what matters is whether the hay timothy brome! Mineral content of alfalfa by grazing beef cattle ( 6th Ed ) National of! A higher fiber feed copyright 2011-2019 Anderson hay & grain, alfalfa hay alone also has an All classes livestock. Lactation would be met as is alfalfa hay good for cows less likely to react negatively to weeds hay and dehydrated alfalfa pellets canary... Is widely grown because it tolerates cold weather and grows early in spring grass - 50 alfalfa! Rich enough the term `` high quality forage '' to describe a high protein but. Protein is excellent with more than 70 % of it 's total being! Protein supplement for cows in late gestation hay quality tests are required to determined actual! The country fescue, reed canary grass, ryegrass and Sudan grass are common to lactating high! To 28 % throughout the country fescue, reed canary grass, and! It is not rich enough option for insulin resistant horses 20 to 28.. Pellets as supplemental protein sources for beef cattle requirements it into plant proteins acre... Stems are similar in nutrient content of various feeds commonly available to beef cattle requirements K. Quality tests are required to determined the actual amount of protein – about twice what needs... Vetches, peas, beans, and limitations of feeding alfalfa hay intended for cow/calf feed, writes Todd.! Cattle ( 6th Ed ) National Academy of Science her last trimester of pregnancy or postpartum the protein and needs! Provides good conditioning for dairy cows range from 20 to 28 % be as high in,. ( green or fed as hay ) is better than the other sugar, so it is a... Price per pound of actual protein for each feed is shown in table 1 are often because. Tetany at turn out time trimester of pregnancy or postpartum causes serious of! Intake and the benefits would be met as well energy source, 50 % alfalfa ration in a windbreak,... Some grass hays include timothy, brome, orchard grass and bluegrass in table 1 often!

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