But VHS had one more advantage: longer recording times. Although it featured many capabilities formerly only available on expensive broadcast video recorders, V2000 had too long a development cycle and arrived late to the market. Sony's decision in 1975 to limit Betamax's maximum recording time to one hour (for NTSC systems) handicapped its chances of winning this marketing war. It is certainly true that VHS machines were initially much simpler and cheaper to manufacture, which would obviously be an attraction to companies deciding which standard to back.  This format war ended in victory for Sony's Blu-ray Disc in February 2008.. Betamax's longest tape (L-830) could record for 3 hours and 35 minutes, compared to VHS's 4 hours. On the other hand, VHS tapes allowed people to record for two hours. 家庭用ビデオの最初期には、カセット収納型規格として Production ramped up by 1990 using Sony's own VHS VCR mechanism, responding to consumer's increasing demand for first-purchase Hi-Fi stereo units and flying-erase-head editing models. And there was no adapter available to buy to play the Beta tape in the larger slots of the VHS machines. VHS ultimately emerged as the preeminent format.. , Following the videotape format war, VHS was dominant until the creation of DVD technology. Sony's Betamax video standard was introduced in 1975, followed a year later by JVC's VHS. By the time Betamax machines became easier to rent, VHS had already claimed 70% of the market. Video Tape Transfer Service, Digitization to MP4 (VHS, VHS-C, Hi8, Video 8, Digital8, 8mm, MiniDV, Beta, Audio) - New Customer Offer 4.7 out of 5 stars 393 $14.91 $ 14 . In researching this article I was unable to find any substantiated evidence that pornography sales significantly influenced the outcome of the war. , Soon after, RCA met with executives at the Victor Corporation of Japan (JVC), who had created their own video format called "VHS" (which stood for "Video Home System"). By 1983, a VHS VCR sold for about $439 while a Beta VCR cost $489, and the VHS tapes cost $1 less too. For consumers, the most immediately obvious difference between the two formats was the recording length. , While it has been claimed that VHS won over Betamax due to the greater availability of pornographic movies on the format, the evidence on hand suggests that pornographic availability did not have a major influence. , The video recording market was an unknown when VCRs first came on the market; as such, Sony and JVC were both developing technologies that were unproven. VHS OR BETA added an album May 11, 2015 at 07:36 PM. Many sources have referred to it as fact (including Wikipedia) while others have made a campaign of debunking the "Myth of Betamax & porn". Other competitors, such as the Avco Cartrivision, Sanyo's V-Cord and Matsushita's "Great Time Machine" quickly disappeared. For the European markets the issue was one of cost, since VHS had already gained dominance in the United States (70% of the market), and the large economy of scale allowed VHS units to be sold at a far lower cost than the rarer Betamax units. The Betamax vs VHS Format War Sony's Betamax video standard was introduced in 1975, followed a year later by JVC's VHS. Sony's founder, Akio Morita, claimed that licensing problems between Sony and other companies slowed the growth of Betamax and allowed VHS to become established. The victory was not due to any technical superiority (Betamax is arguably a better format), but to several factors. It was clear that the Beta format was dead - at least in Europe and North America. Sony had demonstrated a prototype videotape recording system it called "Beta" to the other electronics manufacturers in 1974, and expected that they would back a single format for the good of all. Super VHS offered up to 420 lines horizontal (in modern digital terms, 560 pixels edge-to-edge), which surpassed broadcast-quality and matched the quality of laserdiscs in this one parameter. Manufacturers also introduced other systems such as needle-based, record-style discs (RCA's Capacitance Electronic Disc, JVC's Video High Density disc) and optical discs (Philips' LaserDisc). The cassettes contain 0.50-inch-wide (12.7 mm) videotape in a design similar to that of the earlier, professional 0.75-inch-wide (19 mm), U-matic What Sony did not take into account was what consumers wanted. While Betamax was believed to be the superior format in the minds of the public and press (due to excellent marketing by Sony), consumers wanted an affordable VCR (a VHS often cost hundreds of dollars less than a Betamax); Korean electronic manufacturers, such as Samsung and GoldStar (now LG Electronics), responded to Funai, Shintom, and Orion Electric for the availability of video cassette players (VCP) to movie rental stores, by offering first VHS VCR recorder prices down to under $300 by year 1986. Sony at the time was unaware of JVC's work. A later format war resulted from a failure to agree on a single standard for DVD's high-definition successor (HD DVD) in May 2005. This battle continued through much of the 1980s until VHS eventually made a technological breakthrough enabling them to beat out Beta and ultimately dominate the VCR formatting standard. However, U-matic was primarily a professional standard with constant surveillance by television technicians and which did not need more than one hour length per tape. , Both Betamax and VHS were supplanted by higher-quality video available from laser-based technology. For most consumers the difference as seen on the average television of the time was negligible. That’s abrupt and will wear out the mechanism. 0 Comment Share You Got Me VHS OR BETA. In any case, manufacturers divided themselves into two camps: On the Betamax side were Sony, Toshiba, Sanyo, NEC, Aiwa, and Pioneer. When you mention “Format War”, most will remember the battle between Sony’s Betamax videotapes and JVC’s VHS. Yet, to my engineer’s eye the VHS was the better solution. The war was over by the late 1980s, although supporters of Betamax have helped keep the format going in a small niche market.  The extension of VHS to VHS HQ increased the apparent resolution to 250 lines, so that overall a Betamax/VHS user could expect virtually identical luma resolution and chroma resolution (≈30 lines), wherein the actual picture performance depended on other factors, including the condition and quality of the videotape and the specific video recorder machine model. V2000 was cancelled in 1985, the first casualty of the format war. While VHS machines' lower retail price was a major factor, the principal battleground proved to be recording time. Unlike VHS vcrs, which have dropped almost to zero value second hand, used Betamaxes still fetch strong prices. Lower tape speeds meant a degradation in picture quality, as adjacent video bands created "crosstalk" and noise in the decoded picture. You can purchase vintage Betamax players on eBay for great prices. U-matic was designed for commercial or professional television production use, and was not affordable or user-friendly for home videos or home movies. Sony at the time was unaware of JVC's work. . remove. In order to overcome technical difficulties, the engineers at Sony developed a “dense” recording system (thus its name, Betamax, from the Japanese word ‘beta’, meaning thick, dense.) I’ve heard some people theorize that VHS won just because you can record a whole U.S. football game on VHS, but not Beta. Sure later things got more even but VHS had the edge because of the larger cassette. VHS machines were available through the high street rental chains such as Radio Rentals and DER (subsidiaries of Thorn-EMI, which also owned Ferguson Electronics, which marketed JVC-sourced VHS recorders), while Beta was seen as the more upmarket choice for people who wanted quality and were prepared to pay for it. , By 1988, Beta format was officially declared dead without any more new models released. It is arguable how this situation came to be, but once it happened, there was no turning back. RCA had initially planned a home video format around 1974, to be called "SelectaVision MagTape", but canceled it after rumors had come about discussing Sony's Betamax format, and was considering Sony as an OEM for an RCA-branded VCR. MrBetamax specializes in refurbishing Beta recorders and Beta equipment. Exactly how and why VHS won the war has been the subject of intense debate. 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