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His son David earned bachelor’s and master’s degrees at K-State. With zoysia, you want to rent a core aerator and put it on an aggressive setting. You do not have to till the soil into dust. Decide if your grass seed head looks like couch grass. However, if you want a pristine look and are willing to put in the extra time and effort, Diamond is an excellent option for a clean-cut lawn. Chinch bugs are attracted to drought-stressed and nutrient-deficient lawns. Plugs. Bermuda grass is the most difficult weed to remove from a zoysia lawn. Option 3: Rent a roller. Always mow when the lawn is dry, and mow lawns in humid climates at a shorter height to encourage evaporation. Whether you’re establishing a new lawn or troubleshooting an old one, our ultimate guide to Zoysia has everything you need to know to grow a healthy, low-maintenance, weed-free turf. These can be fixed by changing your irrigation and mowing schedule, and spraying fungicides when diseases get out of hand. Preventative insecticides will help keep grub populations under control, and most other pests are easy to identify and treat on an as-needed basis. Examples provided of tested products are actual products owned, tested, and used regularly by the author. After the white flower head is gone, the rest of it blends with the the grass, making it challenging to spot it from afar. Keep sod consistently moist for the first few weeks after planting. It can grow unevenly and in mounds. Zoysia grass is a medium-to-fine-textured turfgrass that feels stiff to the touch. Seeding and initial care must be performed during the warmest times of the year, when soil moisture levels are hard to control. You can use as many as 4 plugs per square foot or as few as 1 plug per square foot. However, the fewer plugs you use, the more likely weed seeds will take over the bare patches of your lawn before the zoysia fills in. Nitrogen washes out of the soil easier than most other plant nutrients, so sandy soils are unable to hold on to synthetic fertilizers, even if they have a slow-release formula. Zeon has moderate shade and drought tolerance. The 2 Key Factors Explained. Dense, clay soil can hold on to large amounts of nitrogen due to the fact that water cannot drain freely into the subsoil. Bermuda grass can be spread when mower blades chop up stolons and fling them across the lawn, so removing clippings can slow the spread. Note that it only produces about 4-5 seeds on average: And here’s a reference scale macro photograph: Zoysia matrella produces around 20 seeds. This will prevent stress from over and under watering. Lazer Zoysia Grass produces narrower and shorter leaf blades as well as a shorter “dwarf” canopy compared to Diamond. The lack of shade tolerance makes Empire more susceptible to brown patch; a fungus that thrives in humid, shady parts of the lawn. Centipede grass does not tolerate drought, so one of the best deterrents for centipede grass is to allow your lawn to go dormant during the summer. $38.05 $ 38. Lightly tamp sod into the soil and water immediately. This helps to prevent compaction and improve water retention, which lowers your water and fertilizer bill. If you already have an established zoysia lawn, you can build up your soil over time through consistent dethatching, aerating, and topdressing. ft. 3.8 out of 5 stars 1,196. Once established and actively growing, zoysia is a tough grass that is slower to wear down than most cool- or warm-season grasses. It is also the most expensive way to establish a new lawn, but giving your lawn the best start possible can cut down on maintenance costs in the long run. FREE Shipping by Amazon . While Z. matrella is aggressive, and can choke out most weeds, it takes a few years for this turf to become established. Zoysia grass establishes more slowly than some lawn grasses, but it forms a very dense carpet of grass beneath your feet. This will ensure you have killed the grass, and it will give weed seeds time to germinate and be sprayed, which helps to eliminate weeds in the future. Zoysia is one of the grasses that are most susceptible to rust. Brownish gray lesions along the leaf blade indicate leaf spot, which is relatively harmless. See Does Lawn Aeration Really Work? This will prevent spreading the fungus to the rest of the lawn. So, although the roots are surrounded by nitrogen, they are unable to absorb it, which essentially results in low fertility conditions. Allow the lawn to go dormant in the summer so you can focus on spraying and removing Bermuda plants. This species is also known for its tolerance of salty and alkaline soils. You can use plugs to establish new lawns, or to fill in bare patches of an existing lawn. They are most active after sunset or before sunrise. The grass and weeds will slowly die due to lack of sunlight, moisture, and airflow. In addition to spreading seed, you can also plant zoysia grass plugs or sod. Side By Side Comparison. Press J to jump to the feed. Cavalier grows into a thick, lush, deep green carpet. Reel mowers are the only way to cut extremely low lawns. Morning Dew Helps With Old Turf Detection, Cultivating “Lucky Wisp”, an Urban Isolepis. Soon, the lawn will have dead patches of grass that pull up like a loose carpet. This cultivar is less shade tolerant than other Z. japonica cultivars. Zoysia grass seed refers to seeds from a type of grass popular in parts of Asia, though the name refers to the botanist, Karl von Zois. ft. 3.8 out of 5 stars 1,252. Adequate light will ensure faster germination. Diamond was formerly the finest-leaf producer available on the zoysia market. Middle: Zoysia matrella (aged) However, severe infections should be treated to prevent melting out. Seeding a New Lawn. Step 5 Examine the juncture where the leaf blade emerges from the grass stem. Grubs are the larvae of Japanese beetles, and they feed on grass roots from July-September before they morph into adults. It produces a singular seed head that is red-to-purple in color with small white flowers. This blend is perfect for anywhere in the southern United States and is actually one of the most cold tolerant of all warm-season species. St. Augustine vs. Zoysia: Which One Is Right For Your Lawn? If you find them, spray at 2-week intervals with a selective insecticide. In most cases, dead plant material is good for the soil. Amazon has put together some great Home Holiday Guide Deals - save money and get your holiday shopping done! Zoysia tenuifolia flower. Meyer is a good option throughout the transition zone and on into cooler or shadier parts of the deep south. The main difference is the size and shape. Purchase Zoysia plugs from a reputable farm that ships plugs guaranteed to grow or replaced free (link to Zoysia Farms). While most Z. japonica cultivars can only be propagated vegetatively, there are some cultivars that can be grown from seed. If zoysia is maintained properly, it can grow a thick, deep-green carpet that resists most pests, diseases, and weed infestations. However, there are innovative seed products on the market, such as Scotts® Turf Builder® Zoysia Grass Seed and Mulch that make seeding zoysia a good option. Dethatch in the spring after the first mowing. Zoysia Grass Seeding Rates Ideal Seeding rates are 2 lbs. The downside to Diamond is that it is one of the most high-maintenance turf grass options for a lawn. This reduces muddy games and subsequent compaction. Here’s how they compare side-by-side: Top: Zoysia matrella (fresh) If your grass seed head looks like a grain head with little fuzzies on it, it could be the common bluegrass. Soil maintenance and improvement is the most overlooked factor in a healthy lawn. They will cause large brown patches in your turf, starting at a border of the lawn and working deeper into the center. Zoysia is a slow grower so sod or plugs are most commonly used. Sunday Lawn Care offers a lawn-safe weed killer derived from iron. Zoysia Grass Seed and Mulch thrives in heat and drought conditions. It is most common in cool, shady, moist areas of the lawn. $39.95. Easily picked, but not easily spotted. Zoysia is a beautiful, thick, deep green turf grass that is easy to maintain in the right climate. Zoysia is one of the most shade-tolerant warm-season grasses, although tolerance does not mean preference. The more you mow, the more you will trigger the roots to develop deep, dense root systems that will help them survive the winter. Mow zoysia at ¾”-2”, depending on the cultivar. Sod is the best way to get a weed-free, full-coverage new zoysia lawn. Most pests and diseases can be controlled before they do much damage. Dig up and remove as much plant material as possible; Bermuda can regenerate from tiny root segments left in the soil. Consistent cold stress can attract pests and diseases to your lawn, so if you find yourself constantly repairing winter damage, it may be time to invest in a more cold-hardy lawn. Brown patch is the most common fungal disease that affects zoysia lawns. In the image below you can see the difference between matrella seeds and tenuifolia seeds (in the bag): The colour difference is particularly prominent due to the fact that tenuifolia had extra time before I picked it, while matrella is quite fresh. Mow the lawn when it is over 2” tall, and mow it at least once before dormancy. It is best to remove as much plant material as possible before moving on to step 3. If you have a large infestation, apply an insecticide at the rate and frequency directed by the pesticide manufacturer. Zoysia that is suffering from low nitrogen will be more susceptible to pests, have a lighter color, and fill in slowly. Seeds develop about two weeks after pollination and are easily picked off the spikelet. The good thing about these soils is that you can incorporate aged manures and compost for fertility, and the loose texture will leave plenty of wiggle room for zoysia’s dense root system. For more information see St. Augustine vs. Zoysia: Which One Is Right For Your Lawn? Zoysia can grow in poor soils with low fertility. Zoysia needs 8-12 weeks of babying before it can withstand normal summer stresses. If your seedlings are growing during the heat of summer, you may need to irrigate more often and for a longer period of time. To control an existing billbug population, spray an insecticide that targets the adult beetles just after sunset, when they are most active. Just break up the soil into clods and try to get a nice, even, soft seedbed. Seed head. While broadleaf weeds are unsightly, they are one of the easiest weeds to control because they have a different structure than grasses. These soils are usually a balance of different soil textures with a reasonable amount of organic matter. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts Be sure to mark gas lines, water lines, and electrical lines with spray paint or flags. Over-fertilization in the spring can contribute to brown patch. Lots of seed heads means lots of seeds to germinate and spread the common Bermuda grass to new locations. You can plant Meyer from seed, but vegetative planting yields faster growth and denser turf. Crabgrass spreads through rhizomes, stolons, and seeds; one plant can send out over 700 runners and produce over 150,000 seeds in a single growing season. Soil preparation for zoysia will be similar to most other grasses. These grasses are slower to more days) than bermudagrass, so weed control is important during establishment. Clay can be so dense that nutrients are not able to move into the root zone of a plant. Residual chemicals can stick around in compost if you were to try to add them to your compost pile. Dig up patches of invasive grass or spot spray during active growth. Irrigate once per week in the morning, to allow leaf blades to dry out before cooler nighttime temperatures. Bermuda is an aggressive, low-growing grass that is nearly impossible to remove because it spreads through rhizomes, stolons, and seed. This cultivar was developed in California, and it is extremely drought-tolerant. While Meyer is advertised as a quick-growing cultivar, it is slow to establish. If you topdress with compost each spring, you may not need to fertilize at all. Grows a tough, durable, low-maintenance lawn Zoysia thrives in average soils. Grass seed, including Zoysia seed, is fragile and can be difficult to establish. This will provide a healthy foundation for your turf that improves water retention, drainage, nutrient content, and overall health. Most leaf spot infections will go away as soon as the nighttime temperatures warm up and the humidity drops. This site is a participant in affiliate programs such as Amazon Associates and earns from qualifying purchases. Fescue is a bunching grass while zoysia is a creeping grass, so zoysia is able to choke out fescue under most growing conditions. However, you will want to make a new, separate compost pile and only use this compost in areas where you don’t mind some weed seeds or a few sprigs of old lawn grass coming back. The best way to prevent brown patch is to avoid overwatering, and to irrigate first thing in the morning, to give the leaves time to dry off and prevent splashing the fungus onto healthy patches of grass. Irrigate less frequently, and make sure you are only watering in the mornings, to allow the blades time to dry out during the day. There are three main varieties of zoysia; Z. japonica and Z. matrella are turf varieties, while Z. tenuifolia is a groundcover or ornamental grass. Ideally, tall fescue and other cool­season grasses should be seeded in September so that they have weather and heat the following summer. Earlier planting dates will give the turf more time to fill in and create a deeper root system before winter. Average soils can support zoysia without much chemical intervention. Lazer Zoysia Grass produces narrower and shorter leaf blades as well as a shorter “dwarf” canopy compared to Diamond. This turfgrass has a coarse texture and is extremely durable. As the climates become more humid, or the soils are more alkaline, zoysia becomes an increasingly more high-maintenance turf grass. Difference Between Grass and Sedge. In comparison, the zoysia grass is widely grown in Australia and Asia. While it may seem like more is better in terms of soil fertility, large amounts of nutrients come at a cost with soil texture. Back off to 2-3 times per day until the sprigs have filled in most of the lawn. The first step is to irrigate your lawn. Zoysia is an average grass that prefers average soil. Produces low seed head (common irritant to people with allergies) KEY FEATURES. Scotts Turf Builder Grass Seed Zoysia Grass Seed and Mulch, 5 lb. Disposing of plant material: If you sprayed your lawn, it is best to take the dead plant material to a local yard waste dump. It is a durable grass which can repair itself quickly and withstand heavy traffic. Planting Zoysia Grass for a New Lawn. A Zoysia lawn grass is fairly easy to establish. Instead of Roundup, consider an organic non-selective herbicide like Weed Warrior (Link to Sunday Lawns). If you did not spray your lawn, you can compost the dead plant material. It’s winter here in Australia and my zoysia grass is flowering with patches of ripe seeds ready for harvesting. Zoysia Lawn Grass Seed varieties are used for lawns, parks, golf course fairways and high traffic areas. - Full Sun and Light Shade - Thrives in Heat & Drought - Grows a Tough, Durable, Low-Maintenance Lawn - Seeds up to 2,000 sq. Spread sod over your lawn, making sure to cut away holes for your irrigation system and any access covers. Extreme care must be used to keep the seed and seedlings from drying out and dying. Z. matrella, also known as Manila grass,has a fine texture, low growing height, and dense growth habit. I will show you photos of my lawn about four weeks after I seeded and then again ten weeks after seeding. You will begin to notice billbug damage in early summer, when some patches of the lawn look like they never broke dormancy. If brown patch is severe and corrected maintenance practices are not helping, spray a fungicide to kill off the remaining spores. In some climates, you may need to irrigate occasionally over the winter during extended dry periods. Belair is good for lawns in the transition zone and shady lawns in the deep south. Just be careful to not overwork the soil. As a soil becomes more dense, it is able to hold on to more nutrients, especially nitrogen. Kill old turf/weeds. For a chemical-free treatment, try spreading diatomaceous earth (link to Amazon) over the infested area. Spread the sprigs across your lawn 6” apart, and press them into the soil with a roller. Zoysia should be planted in mid spring to early summer, but it can be planted up to 60 days before the first frost. It will green up as soon as you apply water. Although plugs require more time to fill in than seed, the success rate is virtually 100%. This method of planting has a high success rate. Compost is a soil conditioner, so it improves the soil along with adding nutrition. It is such a prolific nuisance that there are multiple sprays and chemical control... 5 Tips for Creating Beautiful, Low-Maintenance Flower Beds. Produces low seed head (common irritant to people with allergies) Empire Zoysia™ Turf is an eye-catching dark green colour that provides excellent wear recovery, is a leading contender for regions with water restrictions and has less maintenance. Lush, colorful flower beds increase curb appeal while attracting bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. Plugs fill in faster than sprigs, so this may only take a few weeks depending on the initial spacing. Do not remove cores after aerating. Bottom: Zoysia tenuifolia. Zoysia is a warm-season grass that also thrives in most of the transition zone. The flowering or seeding parts found at the top of the grass plant. Its dense mat of vegetation often separates players from the soil below. Scott’s Zoysia grass seed works as promised! Learn more about zoysia vs. centipede grass. 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